Preparation of Sesame Flour Supplemented High Protein and Energy Food Bars
Sesame Flour Supplemented Food Bars
Keywords:protein energy, malnutrition, sesame flour, supplemented flour, energy bars
In this study, defatted sesame flour was mixed in different proportions (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%
and given names as T0, T1, T2, T3, T4, respectively) with peanut flour and semolina to develop protein
enriched sesame bars. These bars were analysed for physicochemical properties. Water activity, texture,
calorific value, mineral profile, microbial examination and sensory evaluation were done at ambient
temperature for 90 days. Results showed that water activity decreased from T0-T4 with mean values 0.6038-
0.4308, respectively. Hardness decreased within treatments from T0-T4 with mean values ranges from
966.86 to 211.48 g while, factorability increased from 70.41 to 100.33 mm. Calorific value was also
increased with maximum energy value found in T4 (5355.5Kcal/g) and minimum in T0 (3445.9Kcal/g).
During storage, mold growth was increased from 3.2758CFU/g (T0) to 3.6008CFU/g (T4). Sensory
evaluation results showed that T2 gave overall best results having moisture content 4.5%, crude protein
35.73%, crude fat 0.61%, crude fibre 2.14%, total ash 2.44% and nitrogen free extract (NFE) 46.04.